Lateen sail, triangular sail that was of decisive importance to medieval navigation. … The sail, its free corner secured near the stern, was capable of taking the wind on either side, and, by enabling the vessel to tack into the wind, the lateen immensely increased the potential of the sailing ship.
What does a triangular sail do?
Triangular Sails are like the wing of an airplane and actually create force (Bernoulli Effect) in the direction of the wind as the wind flows ACROSS the sheet. This allows sailboats to point towards the wind as the sail creates a lift, if you will.
How did the lateen sail help European exploration?
The lateen sail provided many benefits over earlier sail designs, but most notably, it allowed ships to sail closer to the wind, which enabled Mediterranean civilizations to begin exploring and traveling longer distances (Campbell).
How did Caravel improve travel?
By: Amelia P. The caravel was created by Prince Henry, a portuguese explorer. He needed a ship that would be able to sail near the rocky coast of Africa and connect him to the Indies for trade. … They were triangular sails that helped travel against wind and increased the speed of the ship.
Why were the caravel and Lateen Sails important innovations for exploration?
The lateen sails gave it speed and the capacity for sailing windward (beating). Caravels were used by the Portuguese and Castilians for the oceanic exploration voyages during the 15th and the 16th centuries, during the Age of Discovery.
What advantages does a triangular lateen sail have?
The sail, its free corner secured near the stern, was capable of taking the wind on either side, and, by enabling the vessel to tack into the wind, the lateen immensely increased the potential of the sailing ship.
What does a lateen sail do?
The lateen sail was crucial for the development of ships that were maneuverable and reliable under sail power alone. These improvements made it possible for ships to increase in size, giving them the ability to carry cargo more profitably and more reliably. They also made ships more important as weapons of war.
Why did European countries need wealth to start exploring the world?
Europeans started exploring because they wanted spices, wealth, gold, expand trade routes and change of religion. These men were willing to risk there lives in order to get spices and gain wealth. The main reason that they went out to explore was for spices because they were so valuable.
How did caravels compare to earlier ships that explorers relied upon?
The caravel was an improvement on older ships because it could sail very fast and also sail well into the wind (windward). … Caravels were broad-beamed ships that had 2 or 3 masts with square sails and a triangular sail (called a lanteen). They were up to about 65 feet long and could carry roughly 130 tons of cargo.
What are triangular sails called?
A lateen (from French latine, meaning “Latin”) or latin-rig is a triangular sail set on a long yard mounted at an angle on the mast, and running in a fore-and-aft direction. … It is common in the Mediterranean and the northwestern parts of the Indian Ocean, where it is the standard rig for feluccas and dhows.
What was the caravel How was it better than previous ships?
The caravel was much beter than previous ships due to its ability to sail fast and into the wind. Caravel planking was much thicker, and they were broad-beamed ships with 2 or 3 masts (later, they had as many as 4) with square sails and a triangular sail.
Why was the caravel an improvement?
Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.
Why did Portugal explore the world?
Portugal was the first country to explore the boundaries of the known world. The country’s rulers wanted to find a new route to China and India. Also, they hoped to find a more direct way to get West African gold.
Is the Caravel still used today?
today it is taken in general as a vessel of lateen sail that consists of three masts… However, for the trade itself, the caravel was later replaced by the larger carrack (nau), which was more profitable for trading. …
Why was the caravel ideal for long distance exploration?
Although by the early 15th century, the caravel had highly admirable qualities, it was still far from ideal. The main reasons it was chosen for the exploration of the African coast were speed and the ability to sail windward. … Such ambition also called for changes in the caravel as a ship of discovery.
What was one advantage of the caravel?
The caravel gave the Portuguese a distinct advantage in exploration and trade. The lateen sails gave her speed and the capacity for sailing to windward (beating). the largest port city in Indonesia, the name derives from the Arabic malakat, meaning “market”.