The hands are drawn from the hips, along the body to the armpits, then moved outwards at shoulder level until the arms are straight and extended sideways. Finally, the straight arms are moved back to the hips, pushing against the water and thus providing propulsion.
How do you move your arms in backstroke?
In backstroke, the arms perform opposite alternating movements. While one arm is brought forward from the hip above water, the other arm pulls back from the front to the hip under water, creating propulsion.
What is the arm action used in backstroke?
In backstroke, the arm action will provide the majority of the propulsion. The arms are continuous and alternating with one arm providing propulsion under the water whilst the other recovers over the water.
How do you do a backstroke step by step?
Rebecca Adlington’s 6 swim tips for backstroke brilliance
- Keep your body flat like a plank. “Try to keep your hips as close to the surface as possible” …
- Use a ‘flutter’ kick. …
- Use a long fluid arm motion. …
- Breathe once per arm cycle. …
- Use the ceiling or clouds to keep yourself straight. …
- Accelerate your arm speed.
15 мар. 2018 г.
How do you perform the arm action of elementary backstroke?
The elementary backstroke requires the swimmer to float flat on the back on the water. The swimmer draws the hands up the sides of the body while bending the elbows. At armpit height, extend the arms outward to full length (like a T).
What is the most difficult and exhausting swimming stroke?
The most difficult and exhausting stroke is the butterfly; second only to the crawl in speed, it is done in a prone position and employs the dolphin kick with a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison.
Which stroke is the fastest and most popular?
International swimming competitions feature four strokes: freestyle, butterfly, backstroke and breaststroke. The freestyle remains the fastest stroke, according to world records posted on USAswimming.com, followed by butterfly, backstroke and breaststroke, the slowest competitive swimming stroke.
Can you dolphin kick in backstroke?
It may also constitute the majority of the race (i.e., in the 100 yard backstroke the swimmer may kick underwater dolphin for 15 yards per length which equates to as much as 60 yards kicking in a 100 yd race). A great example of this is Olympic gold medallist Natalie Coughlin.
How deep should your hand go under water during the arm pull of backstroke?
Finish the push about 1.2-2ft below the surface of the water • Hand should be palm down at this point • Hands should be at a 40-deg angle in relation to the pull pattern, thus creating more propulsion due to the effect of lift than if they pushed straight backward and obtained propulsion due to the effect of drag (/ 40 …
Is backstroke faster than freestyle?
The fundamentals of backstroke are the same as for freestyle. … Of all four strokes, backstroke is not the fastest stroke, but it is the most efficient stroke. That means that there is less change of speed in backstroke than in any other stroke.
How many kicks should you try to do per arm cycle?
In short, your swimmer should complete six kicks per stroke cycle or three kicks per single arm stroke. The first kick is down, timed with the opposite recovery arm spearing to forward extension.
What muscles does the backstroke work?
Freestyle primarily uses your triceps, pecs, glutes, hamstrings, and quads. Backstroke uses a lot more of your latissimus dorsi, which is the muscle that stretches across your back, in addition to your glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings.
Is back crawl the same as backstroke?
The backstroke, or back crawl, uses alternating and opposite arm movements. In terms of speed, it is slower than the front crawl and butterfly but faster than the breaststroke. …
Which swim stroke is considered the most difficult?
The butterfly stroke is one of the most difficult swimming strokes. It is sometimes referred to as “Fly” for short. Although it is the second fastest stroke when done properly by a skilled athlete, it requires a very exact technique, strength and rhythm.
Is elementary backstroke good exercise?
This is a great swimming stroke to use when rescuing another individual because your breathing remains steady and easy. It can also be used as a form of aerobic exercise with emphasis on toning the muscles in the back, shoulders, chest and legs.
Which kick is used in elementary backstroke?
Elementary backstroke is a swim stroke that is swum on the back, using a reversed breaststroke kick and a simple synchronous under water arm stroke.